Bengali Alphabet

The Bengali alphabet or Bengali script is the writing system, originating in the Indian subcontinent, for the Bengali language and is the sixth most widely used writing system in the world. The script is also used for other languages like Bishnupriya Manipuri and has historically been used to write Sanskrit within Bengal. There are a total of 50 letters, 11 vowels, and 39 consonants.

The Bengali script was originally not associated with any particular language but was often used in the eastern regions of the Middle kingdoms of India and then in the Pala Empire. It later continued to be specifically used in the Bengal region. Today, the script holds official script status in Bangladesh and India, and it is associated with the daily life of Bengalis.

From a classificatory point of view, the Bengali script is an abugida: its vowel graphemes are mainly realized not as independent letters, but as diacritics modifying the vowel inherent in the base letter they are added to.

Bengali script is written from left to right and has no distinct letter cases. It is recognizable, as are other Brahmic scripts, by a distinctive horizontal line known as মাত্রা (matra) running along the tops of the letters that links them together.

The Bengali script can be divided into vowels and vowel diacritics/marks, consonants and consonant conjuncts (representing consonant clusters), diacritical and other symbols, digits, and punctuation marks. Vowels and consonants are used as alphabet and also as diacritical marks.

Romanization of Bengali is the representation of written Bengali language in the Latin script. The first people to employ the Latin alphabet in writing Bengali books were Portuguese missionaries stationed in Bengal in the 16th century. However, the Portuguese-based romanization did not take root.

In the late 18th century, romanization schemes based on the French and the English alphabet were developed and utilized.

Nowadays, various romanization systems for Bengali are used, most of which do not perfectly represent Bengali pronunciation.

Two standards are commonly used for transliteration of Indic languages, including Bengali. Many standards (like NLK/ISO), use diacritic marks and permit case markings for proper nouns. Schemes such as the Harvard-Kyoto one are more suited for ASCII-derivative keyboards and use upper- and lower-case letters contrastively, so forgo normal standards for English capitalization.


Bengali Vocabulary Books

Learn Bengali - Quick / Easy / Efficient

Learn Bengali - Quick / Easy / Efficient

This vocabulary book is a curated Bengali word frequency list with 2000 of the most common Bengali words and phrases. Following the Pareto principle (80/20 rule), this book is built to streamline the learning process by concentrating on the core words and sentence structures. The result is a unique book ideal for driven learners and language hackers.
Bengali Vocabulary Book

Bengali Vocabulary Book

This Bengali vocabulary book contains more than 3000 words and phrases and is organized by topic to make it easier for you to pick what to learn first. It is well suited for learners of all levels who are looking for an extensive resource to improve their vocabulary or are interested in learning vocabularies in one particular area of interest.

Bengali Flashcards

Bengali Quizlet Flashcards

Bengali Quizlet Flashcards

These Bengali flashcard sets contain 1300 of the most important Bengali vocabularies sorted by topic. Each set represents one topic which allows you to dive deeper into areas depending on your priorities and interests.

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