Bulgarian Alphabet

The Bulgarian alphabet, a version of the Cyrillic script, is used to write the Bulgarian language.

Bulgarian was the first Slavic language to be written: it starts to appear in writing during the 9th century in the Glagolitic alphabet, which was gradually replaced by an early version of the Cyrillic alphabet over the following centuries.

Several Cyrillic alphabets with 28 to 44 letters were used in the early and middle 19th century during the efforts on the codification of Modern Bulgarian until an alphabet with 32 letters, proposed by Marin Drinov, gained prominence in the 1870s.

It was used until the orthographic reform of 1945, when the letters yat (uppercase Ѣ, lowercase ѣ) and yus (uppercase Ѫ, lowercase ѫ) were removed from its alphabet, reducing the number of letters to 30.

Thus, there are 30 letters in the modern Bulgarian alphabet. Six of the letters are vowels: е, и, а, ъ, о and у. The rest are consonants.

Most letters in the Bulgarian alphabet stand for just one specific sound. Five letters stand for sounds written in English with two or more letters. These letters are ч (ch), ш (sh), щ (sht), ю (yu) and я (ya).

The letter ь marks the softening (palatalization) of consonants, but the letter itself is not pronounced.

The accented letter Ѝ is used to distinguish the conjunction 'и' (and) from the pronoun 'Ѝ' (her). It is not considered a separate letter but rather a special form of И.

Bulgarian is usually described as having a phonemic orthography, meaning that words are spelled the way they are pronounced. This is largely true, although there are a few exceptions.


Bulgarian Vocabulary Books

Learn Bulgarian - Quick / Easy / Efficient

Learn Bulgarian - Quick / Easy / Efficient

This vocabulary book is a curated Bulgarian word frequency list with 2000 of the most common Bulgarian words and phrases. Following the Pareto principle (80/20 rule), this book is built to streamline the learning process by concentrating on the core words and sentence structures. The result is a unique book ideal for driven learners and language hackers.
Bulgarian Vocabulary Book

Bulgarian Vocabulary Book

This Bulgarian vocabulary book contains more than 3000 words and phrases and is organized by topic to make it easier for you to pick what to learn first. It is well suited for learners of all levels who are looking for an extensive resource to improve their vocabulary or are interested in learning vocabularies in one particular area of interest.

Bulgarian Flashcards

Bulgarian Quizlet Flashcards

Bulgarian Quizlet Flashcards

These Bulgarian flashcard sets contain 1300 of the most important Bulgarian vocabularies sorted by topic. Each set represents one topic which allows you to dive deeper into areas depending on your priorities and interests.

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