Czech Alphabet

The Czech language is written using the Latin script with a few added letters to express unique sounds - actually, quite a few letters.

The standard Latin script consists of 26 letters (the same letters are used in English). The Czech alphabet consists of 42 letters. Most of the added letters are letters from the standard Latin script with various diacritics.

Czech has 3 diacritical marks. In many languages, diacritical marks indicate a change in the pronunciation of a letter; however, the resulting character is not considered a separate character of the alphabet. In Czech, the diacritical marks indicate different characters. As another change, the letter combination 'ch' is its own single character, the 'ch' character.

The letters with diacritics are: Á á, Č č, Ď ď, É é, Ě ě, Í í, Ň ň, Ó ó, Ř ř, Š š, Ť ť, Ú ú, Ů ů, Ý ý, and Ž ž.

Ú and ů are the same; the difference is that ů is used inside words, while ú is used at the start of words.

The acute accent letters (Á, É, Í, Ó, Ú, Ý) and Ů indicate long vowels. The hacek (ˇ) indicates historical palatalization of the base letter.

The letters Q, W and X are used exclusively in foreign words and the former two are replaced with Kv and V once the word becomes "naturalized"; the digraphs dz and dž are also used mostly for foreign words and do not have a separate place in the alphabet.

Stress is always on the first syllable in Czech; a monosyllabic preposition (if any) counts as the first syllable of the following word. A vowel in any syllable can be either long or short. The length of Czech vowels is completely independent from the stress.

Czech has word-final devoicing of consonants. This means that in speech, voiced consonants are pronounced as their voiceless counterparts.

Generally, one alphabet character corresponds to one sound, with only a few extra rules, which makes learning to read Czech words fairly easy.


Czech Vocabulary Books

Learn Czech - Quick / Easy / Efficient

Learn Czech - Quick / Easy / Efficient

This vocabulary book is a curated Czech word frequency list with 2000 of the most common Czech words and phrases. Following the Pareto principle (80/20 rule), this book is built to streamline the learning process by concentrating on the core words and sentence structures. The result is a unique book ideal for driven learners and language hackers.
Czech Vocabulary Book

Czech Vocabulary Book

This Czech vocabulary book contains more than 3000 words and phrases and is organized by topic to make it easier for you to pick what to learn first. It is well suited for learners of all levels who are looking for an extensive resource to improve their vocabulary or are interested in learning vocabularies in one particular area of interest.

Czech Flashcards

Czech Quizlet Flashcards

Czech Quizlet Flashcards

These Czech flashcard sets contain 1300 of the most important Czech vocabularies sorted by topic. Each set represents one topic which allows you to dive deeper into areas depending on your priorities and interests.

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