HSK 1: All You Need To Know About HSK Test Level 1

HSK 1 requires a vocabulary of 150 words and is designed for students who just started learning Chinese. It only has listening and reading parts (no writing) and shows Pinyin along with the characters. This HSK 1 study guide provides all the information you need to get started preparing for HSK 1 including all HSK 1 vocabularies with Pinyin and English translations.

Content

HSK 1 exam structure
How to prepare for HSK 1
HSK 1 grammar
HSK 1 vocabulary list
Taking the test

HSK 1 exam structure

The HSK 1 test is structured into a listening and reading part. The exam lasts 40 minutes starting with 5 minutes of filling in your personal details on the exam sheet followed by around 17-18 minutes for each of the two parts (listening and reading). Both listening and reading consist of 20 questions each totalling in 40 questions for the test overall. Below we have laid out the test structure in more detail so you know what to expect:

HSK 1 listening part

HSK 1 Listening Part 1 (Source: China Education Center Mock Test HSK 1)

Questions 1-5: You listen to a sentence or short phrase twice and then need to determine whether the image shown has anything to do with the text you listened to or not.

HSK 1 Listening Part 2 (Source: China Education Center Mock Test HSK 1)

Questions 6-10: You again need to listen to a sentence or short text twice and then determine, which of the three pictures presented to you on the test sheet best corresponds to what you heard.

HSK 1 Listening Part 3 (Source: China Education Center Mock Test HSK 1)

Questions 11-15: You listen to a dialog twice. On the exam paper you will see various images with letters. You are then required to enter the letter for the picture that corresponds best to the dialog you’ve listened to into the box next to the question number.

HSK 1 Listening Part 4 (Source: China Education Center Mock Test HSK 1)

Questions 16-20: You listen to a sentence/question pair twice. First a sentence or short phrase is read by one voice followed by another voice asking a question based on that sentence. You then need to determine which of the options presented to you on the exam paper best answers the question.

HSK 1 reading part

HSK 1 Reading Part 1 (Source: China Education Center Mock Test HSK 1)

Questions 21-25: You are presented with a picture and a vocabulary or phrase and you need to determine whether or not the two have anything to do with each other.

HSK 1 Reading Part 2 (Source: China Education Center Mock Test HSK 1)

Questions 26-30: On the exam paper you see several images with letters (more than in the picture above). Your task is then to read the sentence or phrase and put in the letter for the image that best corresponds with the phrase.

HSK 1 Reading Part 3 (Source: China Education Center Mock Test HSK 1)

Questions 31-35: You see five questions on the left with five answers on the right. Each of the answers has a letter associated with it and your task is to match up each question with the right answer by putting the correct letter in the box next to the question.

HSK 1 Reading Part 4 (Source: China Education Center Mock Test HSK 1)

Questions 36-40: The final task is to take some words presented on the top (all with letters in front of them) and correctly put them into sentences by adding the corresponding letter into the gap.

How to prepare for HSK 1

There is no right or wrong way to prepare for HSK 1. The most important thing is to familiarize yourself with all 150 HSK 1 vocabularies and with the grammar patterns for HSK 1, both of which are described in more detail below. Apart from that, there are a couple of things that might help you with your preparation:

HSK 1 flashcards

Flashcards are a great way to learn vocabularies and with the number of websites and apps providing flashcards nowadays, it’s difficult to know which one to pick. Therefore, allow us to present you with two options we think work best:

Number one is Anki which is a free flashcard application with countless flashcard decks for any language. Simply download the application to your computer or download their app to your mobile phone (small payment required for iOS) and search for something like “HSK 1 vocabulary flashcards”. You should be able to find a deck that helps you with learning all 150 HSK 1 words.

Option 2 is Quizlet which is the number 1 option for flashcards online. In cooperation with Quizlet, Pinhok Languages provides a combi-set of HSK 1 and HSK 2 vocabularies for purchase here. Alternatively, you can also use free user generated sets and decks.

HSK 1 practice tests

Once you have internalized all 150 HSK 1 vocabularies and the grammar patterns, mock exams are probably the most efficient way to prepare for the exam itself. Below you can find 4 websites that provide a number of past exam papers for you to go through:

HSK 1 books

In terms of books, there are two types of books we suggest you take a look at. The first ones are our HSK vocabulary books, particularly our HSK 1 study guide with all 150 vocabularies. This guide allows you to learn vocabularies in combination with example sentences, which not only will make it easier for you to remember the vocabularies but also enables you to understand grammar and its application much quicker.

The second type of books are HSK 1 mock exams. Those exams are very similar to the practice tests listed above but any one of those books usually contains a lot more of them. You can purchase those kinds of books in any good book shop if you are in Mainland China or on Amazon if you are living abroad.

HSK 1 grammar

There is a certain number of vocabulary and grammar patterns you have to know for passing HSK 1. You can see the words and patterns listed below as a kind of checklist to go through and make sure you know each of the characters, understand how to use them in a sentence and understand the patterns further down and what they mean. For more examples of HSK 1 sentences consider purchasing our HSK 1 study guide.

Pronouns


Personal Pronouns我,你,他,她,我们,你们,他们,她们
Demonstrative Pronouns这,这儿,那,那儿
Interrogative Pronouns谁,哪,哪儿,什么,多少,几,怎么,怎么样

Numbers


Time9点25分
2013年2月三日
星期五
Age我今年25岁
Amount of Money30块
Number我的电话是47382940

Measure Words


After a Number4个
7本
After 这,那,几这个
那本
这些
几个

Adverbs


Negation不: 我不喜欢你
没: 我没有钱
Degree很: 我很喜欢你
太: 太多了
Range都: 我们都很喜欢去买衣服

Conjunction


我和你

Preposition


我在北京

Auxiliary Verb


我会做饭
我今天晚上不能来

Auxiliary Word


Structure这是我的书
Mood我来了
你喜欢我吗?
他在那儿呢?

Interjection


喂,你好

Declarative Sentence


Affirmative明天星期五
我认识你
今天天气很好

Denial他不在医院
她没去买东西

Questions


你喜欢我吗?
我有电脑,你呢?
你喜欢谁?
哪一本书是你的?
哪儿你昨天去了哪儿?
什么你想喝什么茶?
多少这本书多少钱?
你今年几岁了?
怎么这个菜怎么做?
怎么样你今天怎么样?

Imperative Sentence


请坐

Exclamatory Sentence


太好了

Special Sentence Patterns


是 Sentence他是北京人
她是我的老师
有 Sentence她有钱
我有43本书

是...的 SentenceTime我是昨天回来的
Place我是在火车站吃饭的
Method他是坐火车回来的

State of Action


Current Activity在...呢我在看电视呢

HSK 1 vocabulary list

Below you can find a list of all HSK 1 words with Pinyin and translation. For more extensive learning material, check out our HSK 1 Vocabulary Guide and other books at the end of the page. Those books not only provide vocabularies, but in the case of the HSK 1 Vocabulary Guide also contain example sentences that will help you understand and remember the 150 HSK 1 vocabularies even quicker.

A


àiVerb: to love

B


Number: 8
爸爸bà baNoun: dad
北京Běi jīngNoun: Beijing

C


càiNoun: dish, vegetable
cháNoun: tea
chīVerb: to eat

D


Adjective: big, great
打电话dǎ diàn huàVerb: to make a phone call
deParticle: to form an attribute

E


èrNumber: 2
儿子ér ziNoun: son

F


饭店fàn diànNoun: restaurant
飞机fēi jīNoun: airplane
分钟fēn zhōngNoun: minute

G


高兴gāo xìngAdjective: happy, glad, cheerful
Measure Word: for almost everything
工作gōng zuòNoun: job
Verb: to work

H


汉语hàn yǔNoun: Chinese language
hàoNoun: number, day of month
hǎoAdjective: good, nice

J


Adverb: how many
Pronoun: several
jiāNoun: family, home, household
Measure Word: for businesses, families
jiàoVerb: to be called, to call, to shout

K


kāiVerb: to open, to start, to drive (car, etc.)
kànVerb: to see, to watch, to look at
看见kàn jiànVerb: to see, to catch sight of

L


láiVerb: to come, to arrive
Particle: ever since
老师lǎo shīNoun: teacher
leParticle: indicating past or change

M


maParticle: to form a question
妈妈mā maNoun: mum
mǎiVerb: to buy

N


Pronoun: that
Pronoun: which
哪儿nǎrPronoun: where

P


朋友péng youNoun: friend
漂亮piào liangAdjective: pretty, beautiful
苹果píng guǒNoun: apple

Q


Number: 7
qiánNoun: money
前面qián miànLocation: ahead, in front

R


Adjective: hot, warm
rénNoun: person, people
认识rèn shiNoun: understanding, knowledge, awareness
Verb: to know, to recognize, to understand, to be familiar with

S


sānNumber: 3
shàngVerb: to go up, to attend, to climb
Location: on, upon, previous, upper
商店shāng diànNoun: shop, store

T


Pronoun: he
Pronoun: she
tàiAdverb: too, extremely

W


wéiExpression: hello (phone)
Pronoun: I
我们wǒ menPronoun: we

X


喜欢xǐ huanVerb: to like
xiàVerb: descend, fall
Measure Word: for times of action
Location: below, down, under
下午xià wǔNoun: afternoon

Y


Number: 1
一点儿yī diǎnrAdverb: a bit, a little
衣服yī fuNoun: clothes

Z


zàiRelative Clause: at, on, in
Particle: for action in progress
再见zài jiànExpression: goodbye, see you
怎么zěn meAdverb: how

Taking the test

We have answered most of the general questions regarding HSK test on our HSK Frequently Asked Questions page. Below are a couple of questions and topics that are HSK 1 specific:

HSK 1 scores

There are 100 points for each of the two parts available, 100 points for listening and 100 points for reading. Therefore, a score of 200 would be maximum points. 120 points are needed to pass HSK 1.

HSK 1 exam dates

You can find the official HSK exam dates by going to the official HSK website from Hanban (Chinese only unfortunately, but a good learning experience). To make sense of that page, a couple of terms explained:


新汉语水平考试(HSK)This is the normal HSK test
新增汉语水平网络考试(HSK)This refers to the new HSK online test
考试时间Time of test
考试科目Test subject
报名截止日期Registration deadline
纸笔考试Pen and paper test
网络考试Online test
成绩公布日期Date the results come out

How much does HSK 1 cost?

Fees for HSK tests vary depending on country and test centre. When writing this article (March 27, 2019), the fee for HSK 1 at the Confucius Institute in Nebraska was USD 20, at Hong Kong University it was HKD 260. So costs do vary and will probably change over time, simply contact your test centre or teacher for more information.

Can I take HSK 1 online?

Yes and no. There is now a 网络考试 available, however, to take that test, you would still have to go to a test centre that supports computer based HSK tests and take the test there. So strictly speaking, you would take the test online (as in on a website or web application), but not from the comfort of your home. For details on that it’s best to talk to your closest test centre.

Where can I take the HSK 1 test?

You can use the “Search Test Center” functionality on Chinesetest.cn to look for a test centre closest to you. If you want to take the test on a computer, make sure the test centre supports that option.

How can I register for HSK 1?

You can either register online on Chinesetest.cn or directly at the test centre closest to you.

HSK 2   HSK 3   HSK 4   HSK 5   HSK 6   HSK FAQ


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HSK 1-6 Full Vocabulary Guide

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