Arabic FAQs

A list of frequently asked questions concerning Arabic and learning Arabic. If you don't find the answer to your question, please get in touch, we're happy to help!

Where is Arabic spoken?

The majority of Arabic speakers are concentrated in North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and the Middle East, which are known as the Arab world.

There are 25 countries that have Arabic as an official or co-official language: Algeria, Bahrain, Chad, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tanzania, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. And then there are 6 sovereign states in which Arabic is a national language or recognized minority language: Iran, Turkey, Niger, Senegal, Mali, and Cyprus.

You can also find Arabic speakers scattered across the globe where Arab migrants resettled over the past few generations - in places like Brazil, northern and central Europe, the United States, and Southeast Asia.

How many people speak Arabic?

With over 300 million native speakers across several varieties of modern Arabic, the Arabic language is the 5th most spoken language in the world.

Egypt is the country with the largest Modern Standard Arabic-using population at around 65 million people.

Unfortunately, no exact estimate of Arabic learners is available. However, it is a relatively popular foreign language on various online language learning platforms, with a few million learners at different levels.

What makes Arabic difficult to learn?

As is true many other languages that are believed to be difficult to learn, there is nothing in the Arabic language that cannot be mastered with the help of some effort, regular practice and a bit of patience. However, there are still some things that may cause difficulties for learners of Arabic.

Here are some of them: the script can be challenging, especially for speakers of languages with alphabets like the Latin or the Cyrillic; reading from right to left takes some getting used to; there is a complex system of prefixes to convey different meanings; the Arabic grammar system, in general, is very complex, to the point that changing one letter can change the whole meaning of a sentence; there is a vast vocabulary with many synonyms and creative idiomatic expressions; there are a lot of dialects.

Learning Arabic does take some effort, but it is also one of the most beautiful and interesting languages that can bring learners a lot of enjoyment.

Where did the Arabic language come from?

Linguists generally believe that "Old Arabic" (a collection of related dialects that constitute the precursor of Arabic) first emerged around the 1st century CE. It is believed to have originated in the Arabian Peninsula. It was first spoken by nomadic tribes in the northwestern frontier of the Peninsula.

In fact, Arabic means “nomadic.” Arabs (aka nomads), from which the word Arabic is derived, primarily occupied the area between Mesopotamia to the east to the Lebanon mountains in the west, to the Sinai in the south and from northwestern Arabia to the Sinai in the north.

Is Arabic a tonal language?

Arabic is not a tonal language.

Tonal languages are characterized by utilizing tones or the pitch of the voice to differentiate between words. There are neutral tones, tones where the pitch goes down, up, down and then up as well as a few others.

There are aspects of Arabic that can be mistaken for qualities of a tonal language, for instance, the differentiation between long and short vowels, but it is not a tonal language.

Arabic Vocabulary Books

Learn Arabic - Quick / Easy / Efficient

Learn Arabic - Quick / Easy / Efficient

This vocabulary book is a curated Arabic word frequency list with 2000 of the most common Arabic words and phrases. Following the Pareto principle (80/20 rule), this book is built to streamline the learning process by concentrating on the core words and sentence structures. The result is a unique book ideal for driven learners and language hackers.
Arabic Vocabulary Book

Arabic Vocabulary Book

This Arabic vocabulary book contains more than 3000 words and phrases and is organized by topic to make it easier for you to pick what to learn first. It is well suited for learners of all levels who are looking for an extensive resource to improve their vocabulary or are interested in learning vocabularies in one particular area of interest.

Arabic Flashcards

Flashcardo is our new flashcard website which we will improve step by step over the coming months and years. If you want to get notified when we make major changes, please sign up using this link. To check out the flashcards, click on the link below.

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At Pinhok Languages we concentrate on vocabulary acquisition through vocabulary books and flashcards. To provide you with an additional option, we have partnered with By clicking on our partner link you can sign up for a free account and start learning using various formats like audio, video, flashcards, articles and even 1:1 teaching.

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